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why do they say roger in the military

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). Roger that or usually simply Roger (nowadays also often spelled in lower case) is a phrase used in aviation and the military to confirm that a message has been received and understood. It was popularized by radio transmissions of NASA s Apollo missions and by military fiction and is now sometimes used jokingly in everyday contexts. But how did it come into existence? It all started with the big bang, then the dinosaurs Fast forward a little bit, in the 1940s, the American military and British RAF used a spelling alphabet different from the current well-known. If you don t know what a spelling alphabet is: It is a set of easily distinguishable names for the letters of the alphabet used in conditions where misunderstandings (such as mistaking M for N ) could be fatal. The letter R was used as an abbreviation for received back in the times when messages were sent via telegraphy (in Morse code), and the practice of confirming that a transmission was received by sending an R back was extended to spoken radio communication at the advent of two-way radio during World War II. When a soldier or a radio operator said Roger after receiving a transmission, he was simply saying R for received. The alphabet has changed since then, but the practice of replying to a message by saying Roger stuck.

It is just a coincidence that two-way radio became widespread during the relatively short period when the phonetic name of the letter R was Roger. Before 1940, it used to be Robert, and from 1956 on, it has been Romeo. Had the technology arrived a little bit earlier or later, we might as well have been saying Robert that or Romeo that. Since the earliest days of aviation, effective communication between ground staff and pilots has been a key component of safe flying of aircraft. Every information the pilot might get or share with the ground staff can be crucial, and it might save the lives of both the aviation personnel and the passengers. Although aviation communication seems to be a very simple thing to do now, it was one of the most complicated things during the early stages of aviation. Since December 17th, 1903, when the Wright brothers made the first successful flight in history, communication withPpilots in the air has been a real challenge. Visual aids likePcolored paddles, signal flares, and hand signs were used at the beginning as means of communication. However, the first air-to-ground radio communication used Morse code and operators used short signals in order to save time. In the times when messages were sent via telegraph (in Morse code), one of those short signals that were used was the letter R,Pas an abbreviation for received.

This meant that pilots confirmed that they had received the message and the instructions. But what about flying at night? How did the pilots communicate with ground staff when they started flying at night? Nowadays we can book flights anytime we want, but this was not the casePin the early stages of aviation. Finding visual landmarks at night was not an easy task and something that would change that had to be done. American pilot Jack Knight made the first successful overnight air mail connection in the United States on February 22nd, 1921, but without effective communication, this would be impossible for him. Thanks to the signal fires along the flight pathPlit by post office employees, airfield managers, and even local farmers, Knight was able to succeed and by doing that he also secured himself a place in history. Aviation communication is not just an important and essential subject, but it also has a fascinating history. At some point in our lives, we have all heard a pilot using the word Roger. Some of us have heard it in real life, but most people know that pilots often use that word from movies and television. Co-Pilot Roger Murdock (to Capt. Oveur): We have clearance, Clarence. Capt. Oveur: Roger, Roger. What s our vector, Victor? But why do pilots use the word Roger and what does it mean?

When pilots stopped using Morse code and switched to voice operation, they used the word Roger, which was the phonetic designation for the letter R, which was previously the abbreviation for received. Roger became the designation for R in 1927 as part of the first phonetic alphabet, developed by the International Telegraph Union. But why they didn t usePreceived instead of Roger? It was 1943Pwhen the term became popular, and there is a logical explanation why. Not everyone spoke English during World War II, and the term became part of the international aviation language. Able, Baker, Charlie, Dog, Easy, Fox, George, How, Item, Jig, King, Love, Mike, Nan, Oboe, Peter, Queen, Roger, Sugar, Tare, Uncle, Victor, William, X-ray, Yoke, Zebra. P Both the British and American military used Roger frequently during the war, and inP1957 it was replaced by Romeo, but by 1957 Roger was alreadyPsynonymous withPreceived. Today, Romeo is a part of thePphonetic alphabet, which is adopted worldwide: Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, Echo, Foxtrot, Golf, Hotel, India, Juliet, Kilo, Lima, Mike, November, Oscar, Papa, Quebec, Romeo, Sierra, Tango, Uniform, Victor, Whiskey, X-Ray, Yankee, Zulu. But what do pilots actually mean when they use the words Roger Wilco? We now know what Roger means and Wilco is just the short form of will comply.

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why do they say roger in the military
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