why do they call it a paddy wagon

The precise origin of the term is uncertain and disputed, though its use dates back to the 1800s. There are three theories as to how the term originated. In the United States, "Paddy" was a common
shortening of Padraig, (Patrick in English), which was most often used in the 19th century as an to refer to Irish people. Irishmen made up a large percentage of the officers of early police forces in many cities. Thus, this theory suggests that the concentration of Irish in the police forces led to the term "paddy wagon" being used to describe the vehicles driven by police. The theory is weak because "paddy" was never a term used for police in general, and the majority of Irish people were not police. The most common understanding in the United Kingdom also stems from the belief that the most common occupants of the vans were Irish, though they were not driving, they were the arrested passengers. This comes from several perspectives: a) prejudice by English people that the Irish immigrants were largely common criminals, b) from the legendary stories of their fighting spirit and the fact that when arrested they were less likely to "go quietly" than other nationalities, requiring the use of the van rather than a carriage, and c) that the Irish liked to drink so much that drunken brawling would often ensue and thus the police van would be called to take them away into custody.

A third theory holds that "paddy wagon" was originally a nickname for "patrol wagon. " In the same manner police cars are called patrol cars today, but there were no cars when the term "patrol wagon" was first used, explaining why people don't say "paddy car" for patrol car. Most of the police vans in the UK have caged sections to keep the occupants apart from each other. These vehicles were usually painted black or a very dark blue. In the, and the, a police wagon was also sometimes called a Black Maria / ). The origin of this term is equally uncertain. The name Black Maria is common for race horses beginning with an 1832 appearance in Niles Weekly Register (Oct. 10) and then again in Colburn's New Monthly Magazine and Humorist (1841). The lists the first usage as the from 1847 which mentions them as a new type of wagon. An example from Philadelphia was published in 1852. suggests the name came from Maria Lee, a large and fearsome black keeper of a sailors' who the police would call on for help with difficult prisoners.

The French detective novel, published in 1868 by, uses the term Black Maria when referring to a police van. The term is still used today in parts of for the vehicle that transports prisoners from to court, appearing in the songs " " by, " " by, "The Curse of Millhaven" by and " " by. Frequently, blackened-windowed buses are also used for the same purpose. In the 1950s, many police forces in the United Kingdom, including the Metropolitan Police, used half-ton vans, painted black, as "Black Marias". [ The term also exists in Norwegian, where the same vehicle is called or (alt. , ), originating from "Black Maria", in Icelandic as and in Finnish as. In Serbian and Croatian, it is (with a small "m"), while with a capital "M" is a of several female names. The Black Maria is also called 'Mother's Heart' as it is said that there is always room for one more. In, specifically New South Wales and Queensland, the term used to refer to a general duties vehicle with a prisoner cage on the back is generally Paddy Wagon or Bull Wagon.

Australian police vans are typically based on small such as the, or. In, the term Divisional Van (or Divvy Van for short) is used. In Western Australia, paddy wagon is common amongst the general population but divvy van appears to be favoured by the police themselves. [ Queensland wagons are often referred to as trawlers when on patrol in city areas (i. e. fishing trips) looking for vagrants. Most state governments have specially constructed prisoner transporters which have safety features intended for lengthy (12 to 24hr) trips. These features include driver-prisoner communication, CCTV and independently powered airconditioning with heavy dust filtering for breathing and engine air. Despite these safegurds, two WA prisoners have died in transit due to the poor design of the air filtering. The term paddy wagon (sometimes one word paddywagon ) usually denotes a large police vehicle used to transport multiple arrestees, and it sometimes refers to any large police vehicle regardless of its use. The term is of American origin, but its exact derivation is unknown. One theory about paddy wagon s origins is that the term came about due to the large numbers of Irish Americans on the police forces of some American cities.

Paddy was oncePa slang term for Irish Americans, and although the term is rarely used anymore, some might still consider it offensive. Even if this theory about paddy wagon s origins is untrue, the prevalence of the theory leads some to believe that paddy wagon isPoffensive. Still, paddy wagon is used often, even in some edited publications. Its continued use is probably due to the fact that there is no good alternative. P Police vanP is vague, andP prisoner transport vehicleP is used specifically for vehicles used to transport prisoners from one detainment facility to another. Nancy Pelosi is metaphorically handcuffed and tossed into a paddy wagon [ The protest which incorporated an act of non-violent civil disobedience not only landed Hector in an NYPD paddywagon [ When King moved to Atlanta, he was arrested during a protest and carted off in the back of a paddy wagonP [ For good measure, a white paddy wagon pulled up under the butterscotch arches of the hotel s front drive. [ 1. 2. 3.

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