why do polo shirts have the number 3

In the 19th and early 20th centuries,
players ordinarily wore "tennis whites" consisting of long-sleeved white button-up shirts (worn with the sleeves rolled up), flannel, and. This attire presented problems for ease of play and comfort. , the seven-time tennis champion, felt that the stiff tennis attire was too cumbersome and uncomfortable. He designed a white, short-sleeved, loosely-knit cotton (he called the cotton weave jersey petit piqu ) shirt with an unstarched, flat, protruding collar, a buttoned placket, and a shirt-tail longer in back than in front (known today as a "tennis tail"; see below), which he first wore at the 1926 U. S. Open championship. Beginning in 1927, Lacoste placed a crocodile emblem on the left breast of his shirts, as the American press had begun to refer to him as "The Crocodile", a nickname which he embraced. the short, cuffed sleeves solved the tendency of long sleeves to roll down the piqu could be worn to protect the from the the jersey knit piqu cotton breathed and was more durable. In 1933, after retiring from professional tennis, Lacoste teamed up with, a friend who was a clothing merchandiser, to market that shirt in Europe and North America. Together, they formed the company, and began selling their shirts, which included the small embroidered crocodile logo on the left breast. Before Lacoste's 1933 mass-marketing of his tennis shirt, players wore thick long-sleeve shirts made of cotton.


This shirt was the first to have a buttoned-down collar, which polo players invented in the late 19th century to keep their collars from flapping in the ( ' early president, John Brooks, noticed this while at a polo match in England and began producing such a shirt in 1896). Brooks Brothers still produces this style of button-down "polo shirt". Still, like early tennis clothing, those clothes presented a discomfort on the field, and when polo players became aware of Lacostes invention in the 1930s they readily adopted it for use in polo. In 1920, Lewis Lacey, a Canadian born of English parents in Montreal, Quebec, in 1887, and polo player, began producing a shirt that was embroidered with an emblem of a polo player, a design originated at the near Buenos Aires. The term polo shirt, which previously had referred only to the long-sleeved, buttoned-down shirts traditionally used in polo, soon became a universal moniker for the tennis shirt; by the 1950s, it was in common usage in the U. S. to describe the shirt most commonly thought of as part of formal tennis attire. Indeed, tennis players often would refer to their shirt as a polo shirt, notwithstanding the fact that their sport had used it before polo did. In 1972, included his "polo shirt" as a prominent part of his original line, thereby helping further its already widespread popularity.


While not specifically designed for use by polo players, Lauren's shirt imitated what by that time had become the normal attire for polo players. As he desired to exude a certain " " in his clothes, initially adopting the style of clothiers like Brooks Brothers, and " "style English clothing, he prominently included this attire from the "sport of kings" in his line, replete with a logo reminiscent of Lacoste's, depicting a polo player and pony. This worked well as a marketing tool for, subsequently, the immense popularity of Lauren's clothing led a majority of English-speaking westerners to begin referring to Lacoste's tennis shirt as a "polo shirt". Still, "tennis shirt" remains a viable term for all uses of Lacoste's basic design. Over the latter half of the 20th century, as standard clothing in became more casual, the tennis shirt was adopted nearly universally as standard golf attire. Many golf courses and country clubs require players to wear golf shirts as a part of their dress code. Moreover, producing Lacoste's "tennis shirt" in various golf cuts has resulted in specific designs of the tennis shirt for golf, resulting in the moniker golf shirt. Golf shirts are commonly made out of polyester, cottonpolyester blends, or mercerized cotton.


The placket typically holds three or four buttons, and consequently extends lower than the typical polo neckline. The collar is typically fabricated using a stitched double-layer of the same fabric used to make the shirt, in contrast to a polo shirt collar, which is usually one-ply ribbed knit cotton. Golf shirts often have a pocket on the left side, to hold a scorepad and pencil, and may not bear a logo there. Ralph LaurenБs Polo shirts trace their origins to a polo club in Argentina in the late 19th century, where players found that the traditional gear for the game was just too hot to play in. In 1920 one of ArgentinaБs polo stars, Lewis Lacey, opened a sports shop in Buenos Aires, where he sold the shirt embossed with the logo of a player astride a pony. Within a few years moneyed gentry began donning custom-made polo shirts as leisure wear on the French Riviera and at other international watering spots. In 1933 French Tennis Star Rene Lacoste, known as le Crocodile for his snappy style of play, began producing a polo shirt with a crocodile logo on the breast. LacosteБs garment was first marketed in the U. S. in 1951 under the name of a famous English tailor, Jack Izod. The Izod Lacoste shirt quickly became an American standard. In 1972 Lauren introduced a version featuring his own polo-player motif. Source:

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