why do smart people not believe in god
people are less intelligent on average than because faith is an instinct and clever people are better at rising above their instincts, researchers have claimed. б
The theory Б called the 'Intelligence-Mismatch Association Model' Б was proposed by a pair of authors who set out to explain why numerous studies over past decades have found religious people to have lower average intelligence than people who do not believe in a god. A 2013 analysis by University of Rochester found Бa reliable negative relation between intelligence and religiosityБ in 53 out of 63 historic studies. Aб б between intelligence and religion makes sense if religion is considered an instinct, and intelligence the ability to rise above one's instincts, say researchers Edward Dutton and Dimitri van der Linden in their new paper published today. Writing for SpringerБs journal of Evolutionary Psychological Science, the authors Б who are based at the Ulster Institute for Social Research and Rotterdam University respectively Б explained their model is based on the ideas of evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa. Mr Kanazawa's 'Savanna-IQ Principles' suggest human behaviour will always be guided by the environment in which their ancestors developed. Mr Dutton and Mr van der Linden argue in keeping with this that religion should be considered an 'evolved domain' Б or instinct. Rising above instincts is advantageous, they said in a statement, because it helps people to solve problems. БIf religion is an evolved domain then it is an instinct, and intelligence Б in rationally solving problems Б can be understood as involving overcoming instinct and being intellectually curious and thus open to non-instinctive possibilities,Б explained Mrб.
According to the 2013 review, the more intelligent a child is Б б even during early years Б the more likely it is to turn away from religion. In old age, above-average-intelligence people are less likely to believe in a god. Mr Dutton and Mr van der Linden also investigated the link between instinct and stress, and the instinctiveness with which people tend to operate during stressful periods. б They argue that being intelligent helps people during stressful times to weigh up their options and act rationally rather than give in to knee-jerk responses. БIf religion is indeed an evolved domain Б an instinct Б then it will become heightened at times of stress, when people are inclined to act instinctively, and there is clear evidence for this,Б said Mr Dutton. БIt also means that intelligence allows us to able to pause and reason through the situation and the possible consequences of our actions. Б The researchers believe that people who are attracted to the non-instinctive are potentially better problem solvers. БThis is important, because in a changing ecology, the ability to solve problems will become associated with rising above our instincts, rendering us attracted to evolutionary mismatches,Б said Mr van der Linden. I was always amazed at stories about Einstein s belief in religion. How could a man who lived after the quest for quantification and proof allow for something so nebulous as God? I didn t really get it, especially since I am the type of person who needs to know the how and why behind everything.
It wasn t really until I started to study, practice and teach yoga and other Eastern philosophies and practices, while also teaching a bit of anatomy and physiology that I began to discover that the more I knew, the more outliers I discovered. Moments or phenomenon that happen, but defy conventional explanation. Do I know who or what God is or even that God is? Not yet. Still, though I am not an overtly-religious person, I have this sense of existing within some kind of energetic or spiritual eco-system from which I draw support and life and to which I am beholden. And, I am open to the notion of some sort of super-intelligence or, as was said in, something akin to the superposition of all consciousness. I have a sense of something that I cannot intelligently articulate. And, that got me wondering whether there was a clear trend among people of science. Then I learn about a fascinating study that just blew my mind It appeared in the July 1998 issue of Nature (Edward J. Larson and Larry Witham: Leading Scientists Still Reject God. Nature, 1998; 394, 313. ). In that 1998 study, Larson and Witham repeated a survey that was conducted in 1914 and then again in 1933 by Leuba. It asked biological and physical scientists from the National Academy of Sciences about their belief in God, then contrasted the responses over an 84-year period. Here s what they revealed. Percent who believe in God: 1914 27. 7% 1933 15% 1998 7% Disbelief in God: 1913 52. 7% 1933 68% 1998 72. 2% Doubt or agnosticism: 1913 20. 9% 1933 17% 1998 20. 8% Interestingly, an yields very different numbers that show a higher level of belief, though still well below levels in the general population.
That same article also revealed some 76 percent of doctors said they believed in God and 59 percent believe in some sort of afterlife. Contrast this with a 2003 Harris Interactive survey that found that 79% of, and that 66% are absolutely certain this is true. Only 9% do not believe in God, while a further 12% are not sure. So, it looks like, as a general rule, there is a stronger tendency for scientists, who are some of the smartest, most educated people, to disbelieve. Which makes me really curious, what do you guys think about the connection between intelligence, science, education and a belief in God? Does anyone have links to other interesting studies on this? Share your mind in the comments below UPDATE: 4-14-08: The Pew Foundation just released a study that revealed that, when looking at changes from one major religious tradition to another including no religion at all more than one-in-four adults (28%) have changed their religious affiliation from that in which they were raised. Among those changing their affiliation, the largest number now say they are not affiliated with any particular religious group or tradition. Another group that shows a net gain as a result of affiliation changes is nondenominational Protestants, whose share of the population has more than tripled as a result of such shifts. The denomination that has experienced the greatest net loss by far is the Catholic Church. Fascinating what s this all about?
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