why do people emigrate from the uk
The number of emigrants has stayed roughly the same over the last few years, well below the peak of 427,000 in 2008, the height of the financial crisis. Who are the emigrants? A lot of them are Brits leaving the country for a life elsewhere. British citizens have tended to comprise the largest part, accounting for 43 per cent in 2014 (139,000). The number of British emigrants has remained at around the same level since 2009, after falling from a peak of 207,000 in 2006. Some are Europeans, either going home or elsewhere. An estimated 91,000 EU citizens (that is, excluding Britons) left the UK in 2014, a minor increase from 78,000 the previous year. By contrast, the number of non-EU citizens (94,000) emigrating from the UK in 2014 actually decreased from the previous year (105,000), although the ONS describe the decrease as "not statistically significant".
The ONS does point to a "significant decrease" in the number of "new Commonwealth" citizens emigrating, from 36,000 to 28,000 in 2014. So people from countries like India who come here are becoming a bit less likely to leave again. Why do people leave Blighty? The statistics suggest most of them want a better job and life prospects. Work-related reasons continue to be the main reason given for emigration, accounting for 56% of emigrants. They were the reason 180,000 people left in 2014, and 187,000 left the year before that. There were 33,000 emigrants who said their main reason for leaving was "going home to live", comprising 18,000 EU citizens and 14,000 from non-EU nations. Emigrants were most keen to get away in 2008, with 62,000 fleeing, which is unsurprising considering it marked the start of the economic crunch.
There have been around 30,000 people leaving Britain every year to accompany or join relatives elsewhere. Others emigrate as they have finished their studies, with 25,000 leaving last year, marginally more than the 22,000 the year before, indicating that Britain's universities have been attracting more foreign students. What about the ex-pats who wanted to live out their retirement in a nice villa in somewhere like Spain or France? They could well be represented among the 52,000 people who left last year for un-stated reasons, or the 38,000 "other" emigrants. However, the main reason people are leaving is for work. "The evidence suggests emigration is mainly for work, and that the most common destinations for British citizens are Australia, Spain, the United States and France,".
Official figues show that in 2013 - when the most recent data is available - people were most keen to flee Britain for Australia, with 43,000 going Down Under. The amount of people going to Australia is approximately double the number going to the USA (23,000), and significantly more than those who went off to Spain (16,000), China (16,000) and France (15,000). Emigration has remained stable so far as the economy has been recovering, with nearby competitors not being markedly more competitive. However, with Britain in a "global race" (to borrow David Cameron's phrase), that could change: a significant economic improvement in places like France could well draw more people out of Britain.
Why do people migrate? People migrate for many different reasons.
These reasons can be classified as economic, social, political or environmental economic migration social migration political migration environmental Some people choose to migrate, eg someone who moves to another country to enhance their career opportunities. Some people are forced to migrate, eg someone who moves due to war or famine. A refugee is someone who has left their home and does not have a new home to go to. Often refugees do not carry many possessions with them and do not have a clear idea of where they may finally settle. Push factors are the reasons why people leave an area. They include: Pull factors are the reasons why people move to a particular area. They include: safer, less crime Migration usually happens as a result of a combination of these push and pull factors.
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