why do some states have more representatives than other states

Congress is made up of two branches: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Every state has two senators. Senators represent their states as a whole while Representatives vote based on specific districts. When a bill is proposed, it must be approved in both branches to become a law. Each congressional seat comes up for election every 2 years. The U. S. government takes a census of its population every 10 years. The results from this census helps determine the number of representatives each state receives.


After determining how many representatives each state gets, the states then create districts. States are supposed to create districts that evenly divide their population. In 2014, there were 435 representatives total with California having the most at 53. Other states with larger numbers of representatives include Texas with 36, and Florida and New York with 27. States with smaller numbers of representatives include South Dakota, North Dakota, Vermont, Delaware, Wyoming, Alaska and Montana with one representative each.


Idaho and Rhode Island have two representatives while Nevada, Utah, Nebraska, West Virginia and New Mexico have three.
b The number of representatives to the US House of Representatives is determined by the population of the state. /b Reapportionment occurs after each decennial census. There are still discrepancies as to the number of constituents represented by each representative, which can vary greatly. br / br / Each US state has two (2) Senators, but US Representatives are seated based on the population of the State, with no state having less than one. br / br / There are a total of 435 members in the US House.


California has the largest state population and has 53 seats in the Congress. Wyoming has the smallest population and has a single seat. Alaska is the largest state in area but has only a single House seat. Rhode Island is the smallest state in area but has two House seats.

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