why is it called the king james bible
What is the history of the King James Bible? The King James Version of the Bible, released in 1611, was authorized by King James in order to have as accurate a translation as possible, which could be printed and widely circulated. The original Old Testament writings were in Hebrew and the New Testament in Greek. Jerome (5th century) translated the Bible into Latin, called the Vulgate, which has become the official Roman Catholic Bible. The Council of Trent in 1546 met to consider doctrines and published a list of books, which were to be considered canonical, that is, to be included in the Bible. This list included the 39 books of the Old Testament, plus 7 Apochraphal books, plus the New Testament 27. The Jews, however, do not accept the 7 Apochrapha as canonical. The Jewish Bible is limited to the Old Testament. The Greek translation of these books is known as the Septuagint which is the oldest known translation of any large literary work and most widely used translation of any ancient writing. It is thought to have originated toward the end of the 3rd century BC or the beginning of the 2nd century BC. The earliest reference to this work dates around 132 BC. This translation is much older than the Masoretic translations of the first five centuries AD. Related Topic: Since the Bible was hand written in the centuries prior to the invention of the printing press, few copies were available.
The Latin translation (Vulgate) was the most common. Reformers such as Luther and Tyndale translated portions of the Latin Bible into the common language of the people; Luther into German and Tyndale into English. Wycliffe translated the Bible into the English language in about 1400 AD. While Luther was opening a closed Bible to the people of Germany, Tyndale was impelled by the Spirit of God to do the same for England. Wycliffe's Bible had been translated from the Latin text, which contained many errors. It had never been printed, and the cost of manuscript copies was so great that few but wealthy men or nobles could procure it. Furthermore, being strictly proscribed by the church, it had had a comparatively narrow circulation. In 1516, a year before the appearance of Luther's theses, Erasmus had published his Greek and Latin version of the New Testament. Now for the first time the word of God was printed in the original tongue. In this work many errors of former versions were corrected, and the sense was more clearly rendered. It led many among the educated classes to a better knowledge of the truth, and gave a new impetus to the work of reform. But the common people were still, to a great extent, kept from God's word. Tyndale was to complete the work of Wycliffe in giving the Bible to his countrymen.
Since the discovery of the "Dead Sea Scrolls" the accuracy of the Bible has been verified. In more recent years many translations of the Bible have been done. The New King James version uses the Stuttgart edition of the Biblia Hebraica, the Septuagint along with a variety of ancient versions of the Hebrew manuscript including manuscripts found in the Dead Sea Caves. We advise that several translations be used by those who cannot read the original Hebrew and Aramaic. Several translations are available at Bible Gateway, which makes it easy to find verses and compare different versions at the same time.
2001 by David W. Daniels Why is the King James Bible called the "Authorized Version"? How did King James Authorize it? Despite stories to the contrary, King James, in no uncertain terms, clearly authorized the translation of the Bible that now bears his name. [Note: This is a drastically shortened account of the birth of God's preserved words in English. Longer accounts are available, as in, by William P. Grady. ] When Elizabeth died on April 1, 1603, she had seen 130 editions of the New Testament and the Bible published during her 45 years as Queen of England. James VI of Scotland, son of Mary, "Queen of Scots," became James I of England. Four days later, on his way to London, a delegation of Puritan ministers met James, asking him to hear their grievances against the Church of England.
James consented, and on January of 1604, four Puritans came to express their troubles at Hampton Court, in front of King James and over 50 Anglican (Church of England) officials. One by one each request was rejected, until the Puritan group's leader, John Rainolds said these famous words: "May your Majesty be pleased to direct that the Bible be now translated, [since] such versions as are extant [are] not answering to the original. " At first, Bishop Bancroft of London was dead-set against it, saying, "If every man's humor might be followed, there would be no end to translating. " But the King made it clear he liked the idea. Not too long later Bancroft wrote this to a friend: I move you in his majesty's name that, в no time may be overstepped by you for the better furtherance of this holy workв. You will scarcely conceive how earnest his majesty is to have this work begun! When this Bible was translated, the title page was printed basically as you find it today in Cambridge Bibles: HOLY BIBLE The King James Bible was "Authorized" to be translated as God's Word for the English-speaking people of the world. God bless you as you study His authorized and preserved words in English, the King James Bible.
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