why do people vote if the electoral college
Note that the discussion on this page is mostly written around a 269-269 tie between two candidates. However, much of the same would come into play if a third party candidate wins enough electoral votes to prevent any candidate in the race from reaching 270. Game it out: It takes 270toWin. If neither candidate gets a majority of the 538 electoral votes, the election for President is decided in the House of Representatives, with each state delegation having one vote. A majority of states (26) is needed to win. Senators would elect the Vice-President, with each Senator having a vote. A majority of Senators (51) is needed to win. State House delegations can cast their vote for president from among the three candidates receiving the most electoral votes, while Senators are limited to the top two candidates in their vote for Vice-President. It is important to note that an apparent tie on election night does not mean that there is actually a tie. The Electors meet on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December (December 19, 2016) to cast their votes. Only about
requiring their Electors to vote for the popular vote winner. It is possible that an Elector could cast his or her vote for another person. An Elector casting his or her vote this way is known as a faithless Elector. In a 269-269 tie, as long as that rogue vote wasn t for the other major candidate in the race, this wouldn t be an issue. Both candidates would still be short of the required 270. However, imagine a scenario where a single Elector in a single state switched their vote to the other candidate in the tie --- the vote would be 270 to 268.
While very unlikely, this kind of vote has happened before (most recently in 1968, although the electoral vote that year wasn t close). More than likely, the election would remain undecided after the Electors voted. The Congress meets in joint session on January 6, 2017 to count the electoral votes (this count happens whether the election is close or not). If no candidate has reached 270 Electoral Votes, then the House and Senate take over and elect the President and Vice-President, respectively. Note that the newly elected Congress will be sworn in on January 3 rd, 2017. It is that new Congress that takes on this responsibility. Who would win the presidency in a tie? Each state's Congressional House delegation would have one vote, regardless of how many Districts are in the state. The following is a summary from September, 2016, based on projections for that November. At the time, the best case scenario for Democrats was a 24-24 split, with two ties. Getting there, however, would require a huge 'wave' election. In that case, we wouldn't be dealing with a tie in the electoral vote. How many electoral votes does it take to win the presidency? It takes at least 270 electoral votes to win the presidency. There are 538 electoral votes in all. In 2008, CNN projected Barack Obama as the winner of the presidential election after the then-senator skyrocketed from 220 electoral votes to 297 votes after results from some Western states, including California, came in.
Has an elector ever Бgone rogueБ or broken his or her promise? Would that be legal? Yes, this has happened many times. ThereБs even an insulting name for an elector who does so: a Бfaithless elector. Б But faithless electors have never affected the final result of any presidential election. And there havenБt been many in modern times; the last time was, when an anonymous elector in Minnesota cast his vote for John Edwards instead of the Democratic candidate, John Kerry. (Other electors thought that this might have been an honest mistake. ) More than a dozen states do not have laws on the books to punish faithless electors, meaning that an elector could legally change his or her mind and defy the popular vote. But : БElectors generally hold a leadership position in their party or were chosen to recognize years of loyal service to the party. Throughout our history as a nation, more than 99 percent of electors have voted as pledged. Б Do electoral votes have a direct impact on Senate or congressional elections? They do not. How many electoral votes does each state have? Every state gets at least three electoral votes, because a stateБs number of electors is identical to the total number of its senators and representatives in Congress. Seven states have the minimum three electors. Washington, D. C. , also has three electoral votes, thanks to the 23rd Amendment, which gave the nationБs capital as many electors as the state with the fewest electoral votes.
California has the most electoral votes, with 55. Texas is next, with 38. New York and Florida have 29 apiece. HereБs with the numbers. The electoral college explained, on Snapchat Б The New York Times (@nytimes) Do all of a stateБs electoral votes go to one candidate? In every state except two, the party that wins the popular vote gets to send all of its electors to the state capital in December. In the nonconforming Maine and Nebraska, two electoral votes are apportioned to the winner of the popular vote, and the rest of the votes are given to the winner of the popular votes in each of the statesБ congressional districts. (Maine has two congressional districts and Nebraska has three. ) Has anyone ever won the electoral vote while losing the popular vote? Yes, this has happened four times. (At this point, people who were tuned in for the 2000 election are sneering at this explainer. ) In 2000, Al Gore was found to have won the popular vote by more than half a million votes, despite having lost to George W. Bush in an election that was sealed by. Andrew Jackson won the popular vote in 1824, but eventually lost the election to John Quincy Adams. In 1876, Samuel Tilden had more popular support than Rutherford B. Hayes, but lost the electoral vote. And Grover Cleveland lost the 1888 election to Benjamin Harrison despite winning the popular vote.
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