why do people use and abuse drugs

Certain people are at risk for and for developing addiction disorders. Their vulnerability might originate from a variety of factors, including their genetic endowment, family background, psychological factors, and social norms. Overall,Вthese factors make the person value drug use highly, even though the decision might be against their long-term interests. Please note that a risk factor for one person may not be for another. Most people at risk for drug abuse do not become addicted. 1. Genetic vulnerability
Individualsв preferences to engage in one behavior versus another are shaped by their genetic endowment in interaction with their past experiences. The interactions between and social may explain why some people become addicted and some do not (Kreek et al. , 2005). For example, due to genetic vulnerability, children of alcoholics are at higher risk for future alcohol problems, and many of these children show high levels of impulsivity. 2. Cultural attitudes The value that a person attaches to using drugs is strongly influenced by the community in which the person lives (Wilson, 2005). For example, students drink more on campuses that have a strong culture, few alcohol-control policies on campus and easier access to alcohol through special promotions and low pricing by local stores and bars (Sher and Rutledge, 2007). Social norms help to define the circumstances in which it is appropriate to drink and how much alcohol should be consumed. 3. Financial incentives Evidence shows that people will stop using when the costs become too high (Dalrymple, 2006). Many of the states that have the lowest rates are those that have been the most aggressive about indoor smoking laws and about state taxes that drive up the cost of cigarettes. In general, when cigaretteвs price increases people smoke less. Increases in taxes on alcohol lead to reductions in alcohol consumption generally and reductions specifically in binge and other kinds of excessive drinking. 4. Impulsivity is a personality trait that has often been identified as a risk factor for alcohol and other substance misuse (MacKillop, 2016). Addicted individuals assign lower values to delayed rewards than to immediate ones.

The excessive preference for the immediate rewards despite longer-term consequences leads to problems with addiction. 5. Self- The self-medication theory of addiction suggests that suffering is at the heart of addictive disorders (Khantzian, 2012). That is, individuals with deficits in emotion-regulation skills (i. e. , skills relevant for modifying emotional reactions and tolerance for negative emotions) use drugs in an attempt to manage negative or distressing affective states. Alcohol is frequently used as a way of coping with. The drinking removes, at least temporarily, the of anxiety. Mate (2010) suggests that addictive behaviors ultimately driven by our unwillingness to allow ourselves to really feel and experience pain, frustration, and all the negative emotions that are part of being human. В Instead, we choose the chemical shortcut to avoid those emotions and become trapped there. 6. The lonely addict Addicts commonly lack enough positive human contacts to sustain, and they resort to drug intake partly as self-medication (Panksepp, 2012). The feeling of isolation is a major source of unhappiness. The subjective experience of is painful. That is why we turn to ice cream or other fatty foods when we are sitting at home feeling all alone in the world. Problems in specifically attributed to loneliness have manifested in, drug abuse, eating disorders, and even. Moreover, heavy drug users may avoid or alienate friends or family who are not using. The social control hypothesis suggests that the absence of caring friends and family lead people to themselves and indulge in -damaging behaviors, such as eating unhealthy and not exercising. 7. The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step Choices that create an undesirable way of life are made one day at a time. They are not made at the level of a long-term lifestyle consideration. On any occasion, using drugs (or overeating) produces limited harm. The damage occurs after repeated indulgences. No one would choose to be an addict. One day of drug use does not mean addiction. As the days accumulate, the addictive behavior emerges.

Consequently, a person who never chose to be an addict ends up an addict (Hyman, 2009). Similarly, someone who has a second helping of dessert every night ends up twenty pounds heavier without any intention. There are many reasons why teens abuse illegal or prescription drugs. Past studies used to point to Бhaving funБ as the number-one reason teens used drugs, but more recent studies show that teens are using drugs to solve problems. This is important for parents to understand because most parents severely underestimate the impact of stress on their teens. By understanding what motivates your teen to use drugs, you can hopefully step in help them find better ways to cope with their problems. 1) Stress: A recent study by the Partnership for a Drug-Free America showed that 73 percent of teens report the number-one reason for using drugs is to deal with the pressures and stress of school. Surprisingly, only 7 percent of parents believe that teens might use drugs to cope with stress, showing parents severely underestimate the impact of stress on their teensБ decision to use drugs. 2) Social Acceptance and/or Low Self-Esteem: A 2007 PATS Teens study reported 65 percent of teens say they use drugs to Бfeel cool. Б TeensБ self-worth depends on the approval of others, and their desire for social acceptance can drive them to engage in destructive behaviors, even if they know it could harm them. The same study found that 65 percent of teens use drugs to Бfeel better about themselves. Б Teens who have low self-esteem are more likely to seek acceptance from the wrong crowd by using drugs. 3) Self-Medication: The teen years are rough, and many teens who are unhappy donБt know how to find a healthy outlet for their frustration. These pent up emotions can take an emotional toll and can even lead to depression or anxiety. A 2009 study reported an estimated 70 percent of teens suffer from undiagnosed clinical depression at some point in their life. Many teens are unaware that they have an underlying mental or mood disorder that is causing them to use illegal or prescription drugs to self-medicate and cope with their symptoms. 4) Misinformation: Studies show that teens are widely misinformed about the dangers of drugs.

Did you know that 40 percent of teens donБt perceive any major risk with trying heroin once or twice? While abuse of serious drugs is steadily declining among teens, their intentional abuse of prescription and over-the-counter medications remains a serious concern. Many teens, 41 percent to be exact, mistakenly believe that itБs safer to abuse a prescription drug than it is to use illegal drugs. Nearly 1 in 5 teens have already abused a prescription medication or prescription painkiller in order to get high or deal with stress. 5) Easy Access: One reason teens use drugs is simply because theyБre easy to get. Nearly 50 percent of teens report that itБs easy for them to get marijuana; 17 percent say itБs easy to get meth; 14. 4 percent say itБs easy to get heroin; and more than half of teens say that prescription drugs are easier to get than illegal drugs. Research consistently shows that kids who learn a lot about the risks of drugs from their parents are 50 percent less likely to use drugs than kids who do not learn about the dangers of drugs at home. Unfortunately, only 32 percent of teens report that they are getting this vital message from their parents. If you know a teen who is abusing drugs, donБt wait to intervene. The sooner your teen gets help for drug abuse, the more likely theyБll be able to avoid the long-lasting consequences. Fortunately, there are many different teen drug rehabs to choose from. The most effective teen drug rehab, however, may be a residential treatment program. Here your teen will have access to 24/7 supervision and care, detoxification, dual diagnosis treatment and a variety of holistic treatments based on their individual needs. Talk to a medical doctor about your teenБs symptoms and determine which type of drug abuse treatment is best for your teen. DonБt let your child suffer at the hands of addiction any longer. Call Casa Palmera today and put your teen in the hands of trained, highly skilled professionals who will bring your child back to a healthy, happy life.

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