why do puppies have worms when they are born

Hello,
The below information is what I send home with every puppy that leaves us, I put it together after researching that very question! Enjoy! Sorry it is in all Caps. INTERNAL PARASITES BETTER KNOWN AS вWORMSв, CAN BE VERY SERIOUS IF NOT TAKEN SERIOUS BY YOU AND YOUR VETERINARIAN. IF LEFT UNTREATED, THESE PARASITES CAN EVEN TAKE THE LIFE OF YOUR PUPPY. SO PLEASE CONTINUE TO READ TO UNDERSTAND WHY AND HOW TO TREAT YOUR PUPPY. THESE PARASITES HAVE вLIFE STAGESв, WHICH BASICALLY CONSIST OF EGG, LARVAE, ADULT. ONCE THE EGG HATCH AND DEVELOP INTO LARVAE THEY MIGRATE INTO THE TISSUES OF THE BODY. WHEN A PUPPY IS EXPOSED AND HAS BEEN GIVEN THESE PARASITES THEY CAN MIGRATE WITHIN THE SKIN, MUSCLE, AND LUNG TISSUEвS, BEFORE DEVELOPING INTO THE ADULT STAGE IN THE INTESTINAL SYSTEM. A SMALL PORTION OF THE MIGRATING LARVA WILL BECOME ENCYSTED (ENCLOSED IN A SAC OR CYST) WITHIN THE MUSCLE, AND LIE DORMANT, ESSENTIALLY вLAYING IN WAITв FOR MONTHS EVEN YEARS BEFORE RESUMING DEVELOPMENT. THIS PUPPY IS DEWORMED THROUGH OUT PUPPYHOOD AND EVEN PUT ON PREVENTION. SO WHY DOES THIS PUPPY THEN GROW UP AND EXPOSE вHERв YOUNG TO THE PARASITE? DURING PREGNANCY AND WHELPING, THE ENCYSTED LARVAE IN THE DAM (MOTHER DOG) ARE STIMULATED BY HORMONES TO CONTINUE TO DEVELOP FROM THEIR EXISTING STATE. THIS STAGE OF THE PARASITE AS WELL AS THE EGGS OF THE PARASITE CAN PASS THROUGH THE MAMMARY GLANDS TO INFEST THE INFANT PUPS WHEN NURSING. IN SOME CASES PUPPIES ARE BORN WITH THEM AS THE PARASITE CAN ALSO PASS THROUGH THE PLACENTA AND INFEST THE UNBORN PUPPY. SO THE CYCLE IS A CYCLE THAT CAN BE KEPT UNDER CONTROL, WHEN YOU TAKE YOUR PUPPY TO THE VET AND HAVE THEM TO DO A FECAL EXAM TO CHECK FOR PARASITES. IF THE TEST IS POSITIVE, HAVE THEM DEWORM THE PUPPY. WHILE AT THE VET HAVE THEM PRESCRIBE HEART WORM PREVENTATIVE WITH EXTRA PARASITE CONTROL (INTERCEPTOR, HEARTGARD PLUS, ETC) THIS WILL KEEP THE PUPPY FROM REINFESTING THEMSELVES. HERE AT OUR KENNEL, WE USE STRONGID-T ON OUR INFANT PUPPIES AND OUR ADULT FEMALES THAT ARE IN WHELP (PREGNANT) AS IT IS THE SAFEST DEWORMING PRODUCT ON THE MARKET AND IS WHAT YOUR VET USES. THIS DEWORMING MEDICATION RIDS THE PUPPIES OF ADULT вWORMSв, HOWEVER THE SAFE PUPPY DEWORMER DOES NOT RID THEM OF THE EGGS, OR LARVAE. THIS IS WHY YOU AND YOUR VETERINARIAN MUST KEEP THE CYCLE UNDER CONTROL BY CONTINUING TO DEWORM, AND DURING THEIR VERY FIRST VISIT TO YOUR VETERINARIAN TELL THEM YOU WANT YOUR PUPPY STARTED ON HEARTWORM PREVENTION NOW. THE HEARTWORM PREVENTION HAS AN ADDED INGREDIENT TO BREAK THE CYCLE AND CAN NOW BE STARTED AS YOUNG AS 8 WKS OLD. Roundworms are the most common of the parasitic worms found inside a dog.


Almost all dogs become infected with them at some time in their lives, usually as puppies.


Roundworms may be contracted in different ways, making them easy to spread and hard to control. Your dog may be infected with roundworms from the time it is born because often the mother passes the worms to the puppy while it is still in her body. Roundworms can also develop in a puppy after it is born when the puppy eats larvated eggs from the environment or drinks worm larvae (young worms) in the mother s milk. Another way roundworms are passed is when roundworm larvae are present in the tissues of a mouse or another small mammal and the puppy eats the animal. How will roundworms affect my dog? Adult roundworms live in the affected dog s intestines. Many dogs do not have signs of infection; however, dogs with major roundworm infections, especially puppies, show diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss, dull hair, and a potbellied appearance. The dog may cough if the roundworms move into the lungs. You may notice the adult roundworms in your dog s feces or vomit. They will appear white or light brown in color and may be several inches long. How do I prevent my dog from getting roundworms? Because roundworms can enter your dog s body in many different ways, it is essential to keep your dog s living area clean, remove feces regularly, and, if possible, prevent your dog from eating wild animals that may carry roundworms.


To get rid of roundworms that are passed from the mother dog, puppies should be treated at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks of age and then receive a preventive treatment monthly. Fecal (stool) examinations should be conducted 2 to 4 times during the first year of life and 1 or 2 times each year in adults. Nursing mothers should be kept on monthly preventive and treated along with their puppies to decrease the risk of transmission. Many heartworm preventives also control roundworms. Ask your veterinarian about prevention and treatment choices that are appropriate for your dog. Can humans be harmed by roundworms? Roundworms do pose a significant risk to humans. Contact with contaminated soil or dog feces can result in human ingestion and infection. Roundworm eggs may accumulate in significant numbers in the soil where pets deposit feces. Once infected, the worms can cause eye, lung, heart and neurologic signs in people. Children should not be allowed to play where animals have passed feces. Individuals who have direct contact with soil that may have been contaminated by cat or dog feces should wear gloves or wash their hands immediately.

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